Volume 1 (Issue 1)

pp. 1-8

Open Access

Review paper

Role of Biodiversity in Ecological Sustainability: An Ecoagricultural Perspective

Junaid Ahmad Malik*, Khursheed Ahmad Wani

JAM: Department of Zoology, Govt. Degree College Bijbehara, Kashmir, J&K 192124, India

KAW: Department of Environmental Science, Govt. Degree College Bijbehara, Kashmir, J&K 192124, India

*Corresponding author: Junaid Ahmad Malik; Email: malik.junaidahmad@gmail.com



27 October 2021


02 December 2021

Cite as: Malik, J.A., & Wani, K.A. (2021). Role of Biodiversity in Ecological Sustainability: An Ecoagricultural Perspective. Inventum Biologicum, 1(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5803719


According to growing evidence, the level of internal control of function in agroecosystems is substantially determined by the amount of plant and animal diversification present. Biodiversity in agroecosystems provides a number of ecological functions in addition to food production, including as nutrient recycling, microclimate management, local hydrological process regulation, suppression of undesired species, and noxious chemical detoxification. The importance of biodiversity in crop protection, soil fertility and human health is examined in detail in this paper. It is suggested that the sustainability of biodiversity-mediated renewal processes and ecological services is dependent on the preservation of biological integrity and variety in agroecosystems. Agroecosystem management and design strategies that improve functional biodiversity in agricultural fields are discussed.


Agroecosystems, Sustainability, Soil fertility, Biodiversity, Pest control


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Funding Information

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Declaration of Conflict

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.