Volume 2 (Issue 3)

pp. 105-108

Open Access

Review paper

Impacts of Sand Mining on Riverine Ecosystems: A Short Review

Javaid Hussain, Gowhar Rashid*, Rahul Singh

JH: Government Degree College (Boys) Anantnag, Anantnag 192101, Jammu & Kashmir, India

GR: Department of Zoology, Government Degree College Kulgam, Kulgam 192231, Jammu & Kashmir, India

RS: Department of Zoology, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, 144411, Punjab, India

*Corresponding author: Gowhar Rashid; Email: gowharr@gmail.com



22 August 2022


23 September 2022

Cite as: Hussain, J., Rashid, G., & Singh., R. (2022). Impacts of Sand Mining on Riverine Ecosystems: A Short Review. Inventum Biologicum, 2(3), 105–108. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7277726


Sand mining (aggregates regardless of particle size) from riverine ecosystems, leads to significant environmental impacts and is thus receiving increasing attention globally. The present paper summarizes the results of literature review addressing the impacts of sand mining on riverine ecosystems including river morphology, water quality, biodiversity, soil and landscape. The rapid rise in urbanization and construction of large-scale infrastructure projects are driving increasing demands for construction materials worldwide. The increasing demand of riverine resources (sand, gravel and boulder) is one of the main reasons for illegal mining that effects the health, physical process and different function of rivers, degradation of the riparian zone, degradation of aquatic and terrestrial biodiversity. The aim of the present paper was to provide an understanding of the impacts sand mining activities on riverine ecosystems and to guide future research directions.


Sand mining, Ecosystems, River, Water quality, Biodiversity


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Funding Information

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Declaration of Conflict

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.