Volume 2 (Issue 3)

pp. 109-115

Open Access

Research paper

Conversion of Zeolite-X into Various Ion Exchanged Forms and Investigation of their Catalytic Efficiency for the Synthesis of 5- Substituted 1H-tetrazole Derivatives

Sami Ullah Bhat*

Department of Chemistry, Government Post Graduate College, Kheora 185131, Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir, India

*Corresponding author: Sami Ullah Bhat; Email: profsamibhat92@gmail.com



25 September 2022


27 October 2022

Cite as: Bhat, S. U. (2022). Conversion of Zeolite-X into Various Ion Exchanged Forms and Investigation of their Catalytic Efficiency for the Synthesis of 5- Substituted 1H-tetrazole Derivatives. Inventum Biologicum, 2(3), 109-115. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7300125


We have developed lucid protocol for the synthesis of 5- substituted 1H-tetrazole derivatives under various aromatic aldehydes in presence of catalyst Zeolite H- X under solvent free condition. In this method reaction times decreases with many more advantages (like low costs, quantitative yields, without using any organic solvent). We also found derivatives of 5-substituted 1H- tetrazole with good to impressive yields (90–97%). In the present experimentation synthesized zeolite is characterized by using techniques like X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR spectroscopy) and catalyst is separated by simple filtration and washed with appropriate solvents without loss of any catalytic activity.


Green method, 5-substituted 1H-tetrazoles, Zeolite H-X, Aromatic aldehydes


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Funding Information

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Declaration of Conflict

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.