Volume 2 (Issue 2)

pp. 55-59

Open Access

Research paper

Challenges and Prospects of Bivoltine Silkworm Rearing with Special Reference to Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir, India

Aradhana Sharma*, Suraksha Chanotra, Azad Gull

AS: State Sericulture Development Department, Jammu 180001, Jammu & Kashmir, India

SC: PG Deptt. of Sericulture, Poonch Campus, University of Jammu, Poonch 185101, Jammu & Kashmir, India

AG: Central Sericultural Research & Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Mysuru 570008, Karnataka, India


*Corresponding author: Aradhana Sharma; Email: kuurshidevs@gmail.com

DOI:

Received: 

22 January 2022

Published:

17 May 2022

Cite as: Sharma, A., Chanotra, S. & Gull, A. (2022). Challenges and Prospects of Bivoltine Silkworm Rearing with Special Reference to Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Inventum Biologicum, 2(2), 55-59. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6551463

Abstract

In Jammu division, sericulture was introduced over a century ago. Being a traditional cultivator of bivoltine silk of international standard but unfortunately the multi-fold potential of the region is characterized with insignificant cocoon production that cannot sustain the international market. The gap between the potential and actual yield obtained by the silkworm rearers are not fully exploited, as such, there is need to have new direction in planning of transfer of technology by designing more effective linkages between technology providers, extension workers and silkworm rearers. Hence, this survey was conducted with the ultimate objective of highlighting the pertinent challenges faced by the sericulturists in Jammu region and also sought to establish the present and future prospects available for sericulture development and prosperity. The information on many challenges faced by the silkworm rearers to meet the market demand was gathered from randomly sampled 225 respondents following personal interview schedule. Results revealed major factors responsible for expected and obtained yield gap as insufficient mulberry trees (69.78%), lack of season hybrids (58.67%), fluctuations in cocoon rates (46.67%), competition from other crops (44.0%) and insufficient training programs (25.33%) are the main constraints being faced by the silkworm rearers.

Keywords:

Bivoltine, Mulberry, Rearing, Sericulture, Silkworm

References

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Funding Information

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Declaration of Conflict

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.